FAIR PLAY AWARDS GALA IN THE DANUBE ARENA

It is my pleasure and I am very honored that I was invited to the Fair Play Award Gala which was held on 21th November 2019, Thursday in the Danube Arena at Budapest. The Hungarian Olympics Committee – Fair Play Committee has celebrated its 52th anniversary since its establishment. The Committee is engaged for the fair play in the sport and besides of this in the other field of the life. The first fair play awards were given in 1967 by the National Association of  Hungarian Journalists (MÚOSZ) and the Fair Play Committee established by the National Sports Office.

The aim of the Fair Play Committee is still the same, preserve the tradition of the spirit of the fair play. Therefore the Committee every year organize the Fair Play Award Gala where it rewards those chosen athletes who are worthy for the fair play award. This award ceremony was co-organized with the SPORTJUS Hungarian Association of Sports Lawyers of Hungary. It was the first time that the SPORTJUS got involved the organization of this event.

The ceremony begun with the opening speeches. Firstly Dr. Jenő Kamuti, the president of the Fair Play Committee, after that Krisztián Kulcsár, the president of the Hungarian Olympics Committee, and finally Dr. Zsigmond Nagy, the president of the SPORTJUS Hungarian Association os Sports Lawyers of Hungary kept his speech. All of them referred in their speeches the importance of the fair play. Besides of the aforementioned fact, the purity of the sport and the honesty towards to each other were highlighted in all three speech. 

I would especially refer to our president, Dr. Zsigmond Nagy speech. As our president Dr. Zsigmond Nagy cited our associations posy, ,,the sport is a fundamental human right.” Of course we are operating according to this basic principle which is marked in the Olympics Charta in its chapter of Fundamental Principles of Olympism. The original text is the following: ,,The practice of sport is a human right.” We respect the sport activity and we appreciate the others striving to live their life honestly and fairly as they also do in the sport. Dr. Zsigmond Nagy noted he hoped that this relationship between our organization and the Hungarian Olympics Committee would continue to exist in the near future.

The winners of the Fair Play Award:

The Hungarian Olympics Committee Fair Play Committee gave awards to the winners in six categories.

1. Fair Play act:

trophy: Szántói Szabó Tamás (kayak-canoe)

diploma: Sipos Árpád (teqball)

2. In the service of the sport:

trophy: Köpf Károly (sports leader)

diploma: Győr Béla (traditionalist)

3. The popularization of the Fair Play:

trophy: Füredi Marianne (journalist), Szalay Péter (journalist)

diploma: FTC ice hockey division U8-U10 age group

4. Leisure sport:

trophy: Hungarian Flying Disc Federation

5. Oeuvre:

trophy: Sziklenka László (kayak-canoe), Csányi Rajmund (gymnastics), Bérczes Edit (ultra running), Göröcs János (football)

diploma: Pajor István (ski)

6. Art/Science:

trophy: Juhász Árpád (television, traveling)

I also congratulate the winners!

Budapest, 23rd November 2019

Zoltán Ferenc Samkó, J.D.
Health and Sports Lawyer

III. Basic concepts

III.1.
The definition of personal data

Pursuant to the GDPR personal data means any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (‘data subject’); an identifiable natural person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identifier such as a name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of that natural person. The controller shall be fully liable for every damages that may occur to the data subject in connection with the data management. [GDPR Article 4, point 1]

III.2.
Processing of special categories of personal data 

Besides of the definition of personal data, the GDPR Article 9 gives a short list about the special categories of personal data which are revealing the follows:

  • racial or ethnic origin;
  • political opinions;
  • religious or philosophical beliefs;
  • trade union membership;

The following data also belong:

  • the processing of genetic data, biometric data for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person, data concerning health or data concerning a natural person’s sex life or sexual orientation shall be prohibited.
  • Processing of personal data relating to criminal convictions and offences or related security measures based on Article 6 (1) shall be carried out only under the control of official authority or when the processing is authorised by Union or Member State law providing for appropriate safeguards for the rights and freedoms of data subjects. Any comprehensive register of criminal convictions shall be kept only under the control of official authority. [GDPR Article 10]

The data management shall be progressed with caution during the processing of special categories of personal data.

The tasks of the controller and the processor are also especially the record of the data, the enumeration of the processed data, the safety data storage, and if it necessary, performing the impact assessment.

III.3.
The data subject (patient/patients)

The most important task and aim is the protection of the patients. It ensures their data shall be processed appropriately and the unauthorized person does not have access to these data.

Pursuant to the GDPR Article 4 data subject shall mean a natural person who has been identified or is identifiable by reference to any information. The legal persons data shall be not protected by the data protection regulation.

III.4.
Controller

Controller means the natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which, alone or jointly with others, determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal data; where the purposes and means of such processing are determined by Union or Member State law, the controller or the specific criteria for its nomination may be provided for by Union or Member State law. [GDPR Article 4, point 7]

III.5.
Processing

Processing means any operation or set of operations which is performed on personal data or on sets of personal data, whether or not by automated means, such as collection, recording, organisation, structuring, storage, adaptation or alteration, retrieval, consultation, use, disclosure by transmission, dissemination or otherwise making available, alignment or combination, restriction, erasure or destruction. [GDPR Article 4, point 2]

Where two or more controllers jointly determine the purposes and means of processing, they shall be joint controllers. They shall in a transparent manner determine their respective responsibilities for compliance with the obligations under this Regulation, in particular as regards the exercising of the rights of the data subject and their respective duties to provide the information referred to in Articles 13 and 14, by means of an arrangement between them unless, and in so far as, the respective responsibilities of the controllers are determined by Union or Member State law to which the controllers are subject. The arrangement may designate a contact point for data subjects. [GDPR Article 26]

III.6.
Restriction of processing

Restriction of processing means the marking of stored personal data with the aim of limiting their processing in the future. [GDPR Article 4, point 3]

During the data management, it can be occurred that the data process shall be restricted by the controller because of the request of the data subject.

III.7.
Processor

The processor assists for the controller work. It is worth to notice in connection with the data processing that the processor has not got individual decision-making power and the right to dispose. The processor does his/her work following the instructions of the controller. Data processor shall mean a natural or legal person or unincorporated organization that is engaged in processing operations within the framework of and under the conditions set out by law or binding legislation of the European Union, acting on the controller’s behalf or following the controller’s instructions. The Info Act Sec. 25/C states that where processing is carried out by a person or body, such processors must be able to provide sufficient guarantees to implement appropriate technical and organizational measures in such a manner to ensure the lawfulness of data processing and the protection of the rights of the data subject. Before the commencement of processing the data processor shall provide proof to the data controller of having such guarantees. Pursuant to the Info Act Sec. 25/D (3) point a) the data processor acts only on instructions from the controller made out in writing. Relating to the Info Act 25/D (3) point c) the processor assists the data controller by any appropriate means to ensure compliance with the provisions on the data subject’s rights. Basically this means that the processor assists the data controller’s work with auxiliary technical activities. These activities can be the followings for instance: collecting or transmission. [GDPR Article 4, point 8 with Info Act Sec. 25/C and Sec. 25/D (3) points a), c)]

III.8.
Recipient

Recipient means a natural or legal person, public authority, agency or another body, to which the personal data are disclosed, whether a third party or not. All person shall be regarded as recipient, who get the data for any purpose. [GDPR Article 4, point 9]

III.9.
The consent of the data subject (patient)

Consent of the data subject means any freely given, specific, informed and unambiguous indication of the data subject’s wishes by which he or she, by a statement or by a clear affirmative action, signifies agreement to the processing of personal data relating to him or her. [GDPR Article 4, point 11]

III.10.
Supervisory authority

In Hungary, the National Authority for Data Protection and Freedom of Information (NAIH) is responsible for carrying out supervisory and official tasks. The NAIH safeguards the security of the data, enforces the data protection laws, responsible for the appropriate functioning of the data protection and enforce the application of the GDPR and Info Act. Draws the attention of the controller and processor to their obligations and inform the affected persons to their rights. Besides this, the NAIH conducts the official investigation and keep inner records. [GDPR Article 4, and 51]

III.11.
Personal data breach

Personal data breach means a breach of security leading to the accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure of, or access to, personal data transmitted, stored or otherwise processed. [GDPR Article 4, point 12]

III.12.
Genetic data

Genetic data means personal data relating to the inherited or acquired genetic characteristics of a natural person which give unique information about the physiology or the health of that natural person and which result, in particular, from an analysis of a biological sample from the natural person in question. [GDPR Article 4, point 13]

III.13.
Biometric data

Biometric data means personal data resulting from specific technical processing relating to the physical, physio­logical or behavioral characteristics of a natural person, which allow or confirm the unique identification of that natural person, such as facial images or dactyloscopic data. [GDPR Article 4, point 14]

III.14.
Data concerning health

Data concerning health means personal data related to the physical or mental health of a natural person, including the provision of health care services, which reveal information about his or her health status. [GDPR Article 4, point 15]

III.15.
Psychological secret

The Ethics Code of the Psychologists (ECP) point 5.1. describes the concept of the psychological secret. The psychologists are burdened by the obligation of the psychological secret relating to every single psychological and personal data which came to his/her attention. The ECP states that the psychologist may only inform these data to an authorized person and he/she shall be obligated to handle the data confidentially. Besides the above-mentioned and described obligations, the ECP prescribes that the psychologists obligation of confidentiality still exist after the end of his/her relationship with client.

Pursuant the ECP point 5.1.1. psychologists secrets shall include all psychological and personal data which obtained in the course of their professional activities, as well as other data relating to the treatment that is required, ongoing or completed, and which is known in connection with the treatment regardless he/she has known these data with written or oral communication or during any other psychological care. [Ethics Code of the Psychologists point 5, 5.1, 5.1.1]

It important to notice that, in addition to the notion of the psychological data, the ECP use the term of the personal identification data in the concept of psychological secret. It can be said that the sphere of the processed data was narrowed, (specified) to the particular data, like as the personal identification data.

In the interpretation of the ECP, it can be preposterous because during the psychological care, not only the psychological and personal data will be recorded  but also the physical, physiological or intellectual data which can be connected to the patients psychological status. It would be better the use of the concept of personal data. This concept gives a wider sphere of the data to be stored. To avoid the confusion, the sphere of the personal identification data like as the name, residence, the dwelling place, the social security number, etc. should be mentioned as an example in the concept of personal data.

III.16
Psychological data

Pursuant to the ECP point 5.1.2. psychological data in particular are the follows: those data which are related to the data subject’s mental and psychical state, the behavior, the data which are also related to performing adoptive parenting, foster parents, guardian tasks, or those data which are related to exclusion the ability of performing the above-mentioned tasks, or aptitude or its exclusion or those data which are related to pathological passion, detected, examined, measured, mapped and derived data furthermore those data which can be related to the previous ones and also those data which influence the previous mentioned data. [Ethics Code of the Psychologists point 5.1.2]

During the psychological cares, the psychologist must ensure the right process, storage and protect of the patient’s personal data. Formerly it shall be applied the Act LXIII of 1992 on the Protection of Personal Data and the Disclosure of Information of Public Interest. By making the Info Act the aforementioned act was repealed. In the health care from 25th May 2018 besides the Info Act, the GDPR is applicable primary in Hungary.

III.17.
Medical confidentiality

The HCA (Act CLIV of 1997 on the Health Care; Health Care Act) Sec. 25 (1)-(7) regulate the legal institution of the medical confidentiality. According to the Commentary, the rule of the medical confidentiality shall not only applied to the doctors but also to every single health care provider. The medical confidentiality include the patients all personal data, within is this particularly their health care data which are related to their health status and which are come to the knowledge of those persons who are involved in the health care during the patients treatment. The patients have the rights that these data, particularly those data which are related to their health status shall be communicated only to the authorized persons and these data shall be processed confidentially by those persons who are involved in the health care. All of these data are called uniformly medical confidentiality by the Health Law and the Medical Science. [HCA Sec. 25 (1); Commentary on the Health Care Act]

It is worth to note that the HCA also use the concept of personal identification data. In itself this is not a problem but it would be better to use the notion of personal data in the introduction of this chapter of HCA because this concept include a wider sphere of the patient health data. All in all it can bear on more report content than the previous notion.

III.18.
Enterprise, group of undertakings, supervisory authority

The GDPR determines the concept of enterprise in the following way: it is a natural or legal person engaged in an economic activity, irrespective of its legal form, including partnerships or associations regularly engaged in an economic activity. [GDPR Article 4, point 18]

The GDPR determines the concept of group of undertakings in the following way: it means a controlling undertaking and its controlled undertakings. [GDPR Article 4, point 19]

According to the GDPR the supervisory authority is an independent public authority to be responsible for monitoring the application of this Regulation, in order to protect the fundamental rights and freedoms of natural persons in relation to processing and to facilitate the free flow of personal data within the Union. The public authorities are provided by the member States of the European Union. [GDPR Article 4, point 21 and Article 51 (1)]

III.19.
Right to information

Although the right to information is one of the patients fundamental rights during the treatment, it is still closely connected to the data management. Namely during the treatment the patient, the doctor and the health care provider exchange the information between each other. The patient asks questions to the doctor in relation with his/her health status or the treatment and the doctor answer them in connection with the aforementioned questions. Pursuant to the HCA the patient has the right to get detailed information about his/her health status, the treatments (interventions), planned schedule, the decision-making power related to the treatments, the possible alternative procedures, the methods, the process and outcome of the treatment, about the further treatments and the recommended lifestyle. Furthermore, the patient has the right to asks questions or get to know about his/her results of the performed health treatments and interventions, their failure and their different results and their reasons. The patient also has the right to get to know those doctors and persons name, qualification with their position who were contributed during the patient treatment. Here also belongs the consent based on information because the patient may only agree to the treatment if he/she has the proper information. The conditions required for information are provided by the health care provider. If the patient speaks in foreign language, he/she has a right to use the help of interpreter. Before the treatment, the doctor must inform the patient about the costs and fees of the treatment if the patient health status makes it possible. [HCA Sec. 13 (1)-(9)]

III.20.
The right to information of the health document

The patient has the right to get to know about his/her health document with its content like as the data related to his/her health treatments. The patient may make extract and copy about these documents. The patient also has a right to get the medical report or a written summarized opinion about his/her health status. The patient entitled to choose the authorized person who has the right to look into the documents behalf of him/her. [HCA Sec. 24 (1)-(13)]

The aforementioned list is not complete. It solely describes the basic concepts which occur during the health data management based on the GDPR, the Info Act and the Health Care Act. The concepts which were missed out from the GDPR are the following: main establishment, representative, binding corporate rules, supervisory authority concerned, cross-border processing, relevant and reasoned objection, information society service, international organisation, third party, filing system, profiling, pseudonymisation. The missed concepts will be discussed in separate articles, if it necessary.

The third part of the article will discuss the legal base of the health data management and the prevailing basic principles which occur during the data management.

REGISTRATION FOR THE PUBLIC HEARING

On Friday 15th November 2019 will be held the public hearing of Sun Yang at the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) in Lausanne, Switzerland. As it is known for everyone, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) filed its appeal against the Chinese swimmer Sun Yang and the Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA).

According to the appeal Sun Yang was participated in the out of competition test where he and his security guard smashed the sealed vial containing the swimmer blood sample with a hammer. The FINA has exempted Sun Yang in its resolution, therefore the WADA filed its appeal against the FINA resolution.

The CAS has approved the request of the parties about holding a public hearing in this case. There is a second time in the history of the CAS a public hearing will be held in Lausanne, Switzerland. The CAS has exclusive jurisdiction in this case to judge the appeal. The public hearing will takes place in the hearing room, where the representatives of the media can represent themselves.

The whole public hearing about this case can also be followed on the CAS’s official website. Here is some information about the registration for the public  viewing area.

You should scroll down below of the article. The source of the bulletin is the official website of  CAS. The bulletin can be available in English.

Budapest, 5th November 2019

Zoltán Ferenc Samkó, J.D.
Health and Sports Lawyer


The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS or Tribunal Arbitral du Sport) has announced that the hearing of Sun Yang will be held in public on 15 November 2019. The hearing will takes place at the Conference Centre of the Fairmont Le Montreux Palace in Montreux/Switzerland.

As it is well-known Sun Yang violated the doping rule of WADA. Therefore WADA filed a lawsuit against him and FINA. The hearing can be followed via live stream on the website of the CAS.

If you are interested in details, please read the attached documents about the hearing or visit CAS website.

Budapest, 16 October 2019

Zoltán F. Samkó J.D.
Sports Lawyer

Source: pexels.com


The enforcement of the claim of orphan’s benefits.

Pursuant to the SSPA Sec. 64 (1) applications for pension benefits shall be submitted in writing, using the prescribed form or standard electronic form (hereinafter referred to as proof of claim form). This action constitutes as an application under the Act CL of 2016 on General Public Administration Procedures (hereinafter: GPAP) Sec. 35 (1). The entitlement of pension benefits is related to the person of the rightholder, therefore it can not be enforced by nobody nor the successor and the spouse. Procedures relating to the enforcement of claims for benefits available under the social security system and other proceedings under this Act shall be exempt from duties and charges. It shall mean that the conducting of the procedure which is regulated in the Act XCIII of 1990 on the Duties (hereinafter: Duties Act) can be initiated without any obligation of paying duties.

The proof of claim form can be downloaded from the website of Hungarian State Treasury, under the code number K11.

Pursuant to SSPA Sec. 64. (2) Claims may be enforced retroactively for maximum 6 months, meaning that benefits may be established – if all conditions for entitlement are satisfied – as of the first day of the sixth month preceding the date of filing the proof of claim. The claim shall be adjudged according to the legal regulations in force on the date of commencement of benefits.

It shall be attached to the proof of claim form:

  • the death certificate of the deceased rightholder or the court ruling declaring the rightholder dead or missing;
  • the fully enforceable acknowledgement of paternity by the guardian authority (it can be any government office or district office);
  • the birth certificate of the pension claimant;
  • the certificate of the service time by the employer (it shall mean that certification which is issued by the employer to certify the existence of employment relationship. It also certify the time when the employee was in the employment relationship with the employer and out of his/her wages the pension contributions were paid by the employer.);
  • In case of private entrepreneurship, those certifications which are available on the register of pension insurance administration agencies (These can be queried from the customer site ,,Ügyfélkapu”.);
Source: pexel.com

It shall be considered as service time the period of the insurance relationship after 31th December 1997. Furthermore pursuant to the Government Decree 168/1997 (X.6.) Korm. on implementation of Act LXXXI of 1997 on Social Security Pension Benefits Sec. 29 (1) the employment, public and civil servant relationships, service relationships, periods of studies in vocational training schools under scholarship or apprenticeship agreement are considered as service time too.

Pursuant to the Government Decree 168/1997 (X.6.) Korm. on implementation of Act LXXXI of 1997 on Social Security Pension Benefits Sec. 32 (1) it also shall be taken account as service time the following elements down below.

(1) The following periods shall be recognized as service time:

a) when receiving sick-pay (benefits while on sick leave), benefits for accident-related injuries or compensation aid, pregnancy-maternity benefits, medical treatment allowance, temporary invalidity benefits and temporary invalidity allowance;

b) when on maternity leave; and

c) when receiving child-care benefits or child-care allowance.

(2) Service time shall also include periods of hospitalization if admitted during the service time or within thirty days subsequently. One year additional service time (two years in connection with tuberculosis) may be recognized on the grounds of hospitalization after the insurance was terminated or after any other service time acquired on other grounds.

It must also be attached:

  • those judicial decisions which were made within 6 months in case of the orphan’s up to 50 percent disability or rehabilitation benefit in connection with his/her health status. In lack of this, the orphan’s documents which are related to the health status of the orphan, if the orphan requesting orphan’s benefits relating to he/she is a person with reduced ability to work.
  • the school attendance certification in case of the orphan’s over sixteen years of age.

The proof of claim is valid with signature only, in lack of this, it will not be considered.

The place of the filing of the proof of claim.

Source: pexel.com

As of 1 November 2017, the Central Administration of National Pension Insurance (ONYF) merged into the Hungarian State Treasury (MÁK). The proof of claim shall be submitted or sent to the competent Pension Payment Directorate of the Hungarian National Treasury or pension insurance administration agencies of the claimant’s (applicant’s) place of residence.

The pension insurance administration agencies.

The Government Decree 168/1997 (X.6.) Korm. on implementation of Act LXXXI of 1997 on Social Security Pension Benefits Sec. 1 lists the pension insurance administration agencies:

(1) The Government appoints the following bodies to function as pension insurance administration agencies:

a) the district (Budapest district) offices provided for in Annex 1 of Budapest and county government agencies (hereinafter referred to as “district office”);

b) Budapest and county government agencies, with the exception of the Pest County Government Agency (hereinafter referred to as “government agency”);

c) the Magyar Államkincstár (Hungarian State Treasury) (hereinafter referred to as “Treasury”) Nyugdíjfolyósító Igazgatóság (Pension Payment Directorate) (hereinafter referred to as “Pension Payment Directorate”);

d) the central body of the Treasury (hereinafter referred to as “Head Office”).

(2) The Government appoints the Pension Payment Administration to function as the pension pay-out agency.

(3) The Government delegates the Head Office to function as the central pension insurance agency.

According to the Government Decree 168/1997 (X.6.) Korm. on implementation of Act LXXXI of 1997 on Social Security Pension Benefits Sec. 2 (1) the district offices shall function as a general pension assessment bodies. Unless otherwise provided for by law, the competence of general pension assessment bodies shall cover the areas specified in Annex 1.

District VIII Branch of the Government Agency of the City of Budapest acting as the general pension assessment body for the City of Budapest and the County of Pest, responsible for the City of Budapest and the County of Pest.

Annexes related to the proof of claimant.

The Annex 3 of the Government Decree 168/1997 (X.6.) Korm. on implementation of Act LXXXI of 1997 on Social Security Pension Benefits comprise the applicable percentage of calculating for dependent’s benefits the dependent’s benefits.

The Annex 4 of the Government Decree 168/1997 (X.6.) Korm. on implementation of Act LXXXI of 1997 on Social Security Pension Benefits comprise the rules which are related to the data content of the form of the claim.

The current jurisdiction.

Unified Judicial Decision No. 2011. 2354 The claim of pension will not be expired, the lost of the right to the claim is not the legal consequence of the  late enforcement nor the service dependent’s (retirement) benefits.

Curia Decision No. Mfv. 10.789/2016/14. The determining of six month retrospective claim for benefits shall be applicable only, if the claimant make statement relating to this during the official procedure.

Metropolitan Administrative and Labor Court Decision No. M.662/2012/8. During the started lawsuit against the administrative decision (resolution) on the dependent’s benefits establishes the judgement of the court, if the essential ascertainment’s of the forensic medical expert’s reports are in correspondence with each other during the official procedure.

Metropolitan Administrative and Labor Court Decision No. M.408/2011/15. If the view of point of the forensic (medical) expert diverge well reasonable from the expert’s opinion which were made in the official procedure, the secondment of the newer expert is unnecessary (for example: it is accurately marked that which disease was not taken into account during the official procedure).

Here is some information about the reorganization of the Hungarian social security system. This document was made by the Hungarian State Treasury.

Sources.

Commentary on Act LXXXI of 1997 on Social Security Pension Benefits, Edited by Áron Pánczél. Budapest, Wolters Kluwer (Nagykommentár a társadalombiztosítási nyugellátásról szóló 1997. évi LXXXI. törvényhez – Szerkesztette: Pánczél Áron. Budapest, Wolters Kluwer – Jogtár)

Act LXXXI of 1997 on Social Security Pension Benefits

Act LXXX of 1997 on the Eligibility for Social Security Benefits and Private Pensions and the Funding of These Services

Act CL of 2016 on General Public Administration Procedures

Government Decree 168/1997 (X.6.) Korm. on implementation of Act LXXXI of 1997 on Social Security Pension Benefits

This article is written about a particular kind of dependent’s benefits, the orphan’s benefits. This legal institution is very special, therefore it is regulated by more laws and decrees.

The article consists of two parts: the first parts contains the basic notions and the features of the orphan’s benefits. The second parts discuss the enforcement of claims of the orphan’s benefits and its procedural regulations.

Some current judicial practices were listed at the end of both parts of the article in connection with this topic.

The concepts of dependent benefits.

The dependent benefits shall mean regular payments of money calculated upon the income of the insured person (formerly insured person), or his relative, consistent with his service time.

The dependent’s benefits are provided to the insured person under the frame of the social security pension system.

The service time.

The concept of the service time is determined by the Act LXXXI of 1997 on Social Security Pension Benefits (hereinafter: Social Security Pension Benefits Act or SSPA) Sec. 4 (1) point h).

According to the SSPA Sec 4 (1) point h) service time shall mean the periods when the insured person was required to pay pension contributions, or paid pension contributions under a voluntary arrangement. The periods of service time free from any obligation of payment of pension contributions shall be laid down in specific other legislation.

The family member required and capable to provide maintenance.

According to the SSPA Sec 4 (1) point i) the family member required and capable to provide maintenance shall mean a person legally required to provide maintenance to an orphan’s pension creditor and/or a parent’s benefit creditor – consistent with the chain of maintenance obligation – before the deceased rightholder 

ia) who was ordered by court to provide maintenance to the orphan’s pension creditor and/or the parent’s benefit creditor as due, or 

ib) whose per capita income in the family exceeds two and a half times the mandatory minimum amount of full old-age pension benefits according to Act III of 1993 on Social Administration and Social Welfare Benefits, except if not required – by decision of the court – to provide maintenance to the orphan’s pension creditor and/or parent’s benefit creditor, with the proviso that a person whose whereabouts is unknown shall be considered incapable to provide maintenance; 

The concepts of orphan’s pension.

Pursuant to the SSPA Sec. 4 (1) point f) orphan’s pension shall mean the benefits paid to the children or adopted children of a deceased pensioner or of a person with pension rights who does not receive pension, or to their foster children, brothers and sisters or grandchildren subject to specific conditions.

The SPA Sec. 6 (2) list kinds of dependent’s benefits which are provided under the frame of the social security pension system. These are the follows:

a) widow’s pension;

b) orphan’s pension;

c) parent’s benefits;

d) accident-related dependent’s benefits;

e) widow’s benefits.

The requirements of entitlement.

The requirements of entitlement of the dependent’s benefits are regulated by the SSPA Sec. 46, Sec. 54 (1)-(3) and Sec. 55 (1)-(5).

Regarding to the entitlement, the SSPA Sec. 54 (1) refers to the contents of the SSPA Sec. 46. Pursuant to this provision, orphan’s pension shall be available to any children – born in wedlock or in a domestic partnership and raised together in the same household -, whose parent satisfies the requirements set out in Section 46 applicable to the deceased spouse.

The SSPA Sec. 46 ascertains the following:

(1) Widow’s pension shall be available to a person whose spouse died while drawing old-age pension or whose spouse died: 

a) before reaching 22 years of age and 

aa) who obtained service time within 180 days upon the conclusion of his/her studies, or 

ab) a total of at least 2 years of service time; 

b) after reaching 22 and before reaching 25 years of age, and acquired at least 4 years of service time; 

c) after reaching 25 and before reaching 30 years of age, and acquired at least 6 years of service time; 

d) after reaching 30 and before reaching 35 years of age, and acquired at least 8 years of service time; 

e) after reaching 35 and before reaching 45 years of age, and acquired at least 10 years of service time; 

f) after reaching 45 years of age, and acquired at least 15 years of service time.

(2) Furthermore, any person whose spouse did not acquire the service time prescribed in Subsection (1) shall be entitled to widow’s pension if his/her spouse acquired to service time prescribed for the lower age group and if his/her service time is not interrupted subsequently for any period of thirty days of more until the time of his/her death. This thirty-day period shall not include any period of incapacity to work. 

According to the SSPA Sec. 46 (3) the following periods shall be acknowledged as service time for the purpose of eligibility for widow’s pension: the period during which the deceased rightholder had been drawing invalidity benefits, accident-related disability benefits or invalidity allowance.

Pursuant to the SSPA Sec. 54 (2), orphan’s pension shall not be available to an adopted child by way of his/her biological parent, except if the child was adopted by the spouse of his/her biological parent. The Subsection 3 states that, orphan’s pension shall be available to a brother or sister, or a grandchild (including great-grandchildren and great-great-grandchildren) if he/she was supported by the deceased person in his own home, and if the child does not have any relative who is able and willing to support him/her.

By the way it is good to know that the Payment of orphan’s pension to the children referred to in Subsection (3) of Section 54 of the SSPA shall be suspended – from the first day of the month following the date of delivery of the relevant resolution of the first instance – if the relative liable to provide support becomes able to support them. [Government Decree 168/1997 (X.6.) Korm. on implementation of Act LXXXI of 1997 on Social Security Pension Benefits Sec. 64 (1)]

Source: pexel.com

The period (availability) of orphan’s benefits.

The period (availability) is determined by the SSPA Sec. 55 (1)-(5).

Orphan’s pension shall be available – if the conditions for entitlement are satisfied – as of the day of the death of the deceased person until the child’s sixteenth birthday.

If the child is pursuing a full-time course of study or participates in full-time education and training in a higher education institution, orphan’s pension shall be provided for the duration of studies, up to the child’s twenty-fifth birthday. If the child’s ability to work has diminished within the period of entitlement, orphan’s pension shall be provided for these periods independent of age.

It is very important if the orphan is older than twenty-five years old at the death of the person referred to in Section 54, the orphan’s benefit can not be granted for him/her. The earlier granted benefit – depending on the full-time course of study – will ceased. There is a an exception when the orphan is supported in orphan’s pension and he/she was a person with reduced ability to work at the time when he/she 25 years old.

In this case the orphan will be supported with the orphan’s benefit until he/she is qualified as a person with reduced ability to work. It is very important to know that if the orphan’s benefit is terminated due to health improvement, it can not be determined above the age of 25 again even though if the orphans health begins to deteriorate later.

The Head Office (the central body of the Hungarian State Treasury; hereinafter: Treasury) can ascertain special benefit in exceptional case, equity if the orphan at the death of deceased rightholder, is older than the age of 25 and he/she is pursuing a full-time course of study or participates in full-time education and training. The Head Office also extend the right to special orphan’s benefits in its power of equity regarding to the former death of deceased rightholder and the studies of the child, if the entitlement of him/her was existed before the age of 25 of the orphan.

If the child’s ability to work has diminished within the period of entitlement, orphan’s pension shall be provided for these period independent of age.

The child or his/her parent’s marriage shall have no bearing on entitlement to orphan’s pension, nor if the child is adopted.

On the grounds of schooling entitlement to orphan’s pension shall be granted to a child who: 

  • pursues studies as a student with individual study arrangement due to an illness or physical or mental handicap, pregnancy, childbirth or to caring for his or her child under 3 years of age; 
  • is below the age of 25 and pursues studies within the framework of adult education, provided that such adult education is provided by means other than distance education, and the weekly number of classes reaches seven in the average.

It is very important to note that on the grounds of schooling, orphan’s pension shall be granted until the end of the last month of studies, including the period of summer school-break as well. The legislator intends to use this rules to help the parent and the child in need of care in the same household making the coverage of child-raising costs easier during the child studies.

The SSPA also includes those rules which are in connection with the orphan studies. This rules describes the verification process of the entitlement of orphan’s benefits in connection with the orphans studies.

In connection with orphans studying in Hungary, the body operating the public education information system or the higher education information system shall verify the commencement and existence of the student relationship and the estimated time for the conclusion of studies at the request of the pension insurance administration agency, and shall ex officio verify the suspension or termination of student relationship, indicating the student’s name and social security identification code and the length of the time of suspension or termination. So, in this case, the claimant (applicant) has no individual action.

In the case of orphans studying abroad, school attendance shall be verified once a year if attending a secondary school and semi-annually if attending an institution of higher learning within one month from the date of commencement of studies.

Where the studies of a student of a secondary school or institution of higher education are suspended due to the student’s illness or giving birth to a child, this shall have no bearing on entitlement to orphan’s pension.

Source: pexel.com

The amount of benefits.

The amount of the orphan’s benefits are determined by the SSPA Sec. 56 (1)-(4).

Orphan’s pension shall be thirty per cent per child of the old-age pension benefits to which the deceased person had been or should have been entitled at the time of his/her death. The Government Decree 168/1997 (X.6.) Korm. on implementation of Act LXXXI of 1997 on Social Security Pension Benefits Sec. 64/D states the following: the mandatory minimum amount of orphan’s pension assessed for periods between 31 December 2007 and 1 January 2020 shall be 24,250 forints per month.

Pursuant to the SSPA Sec. 59 if there are several orphan’s, they each receive the amount due under the law. In contrary with the widow’s pension, the orphan’s benefit will not be shared. [SSPA Sec. 51, 59]

Summarize the above-mentioned facts, the mandatory minimum amount of orphan’s pension shall be thirty per cent per child of the old-age pension benefits but at least the aforementioned 24,250 forints per month.

Sixty per cent of the pension and benefits referred to in Subsection (1) shall be paid as orphan’s pension to a child: 

a) if both parents have died,

b) whose parent’s ability to work has diminished.

If a child is entitled to orphan’s pension in connection with both parents, the orphan’s pension that is more favorable shall be paid.

Person with reduced ability to work.

Pursuant to the SSPA Sec. 4 (1) point k) person with reduced ability to work shall mean a person whose health had deteriorated by up to 50 per cent. The rules of person with reduced ability to work are determined by the Act on the Benefits Provided to Workers with Disabilities and on the Amendment of Certain Acts (Act CXCI of 2011).

The current jurisdiction.

Judicial Decision No. 17/2000. (V.26.) It is not unconstitutional that the entitlement of the orphan’s benefit is bound to the service time. On the one hand the State is not obligated to provide solution of social security for every single life situation. The Social Security Pension System is only one of the type of the subsistence benefits. On the other hand the orphan’s benefit is ground on the entitlement to old-age pension of the deceased rightholder, it depends on, therefore the orphan’s of those who acquired the necessary service time and those without it, can not be taken account to be a homogeneous group. So, it can not to be talked about discrimination too. 

Decision No. 867/B/1997. (Constitutional Court) It is not unconstitutional that the orphan’s benefit – if the orphan is not a person with reduced ability to work – will terminated at the age of 25 because the provisions of child protection constitutional proclamation does not create individual entitlement.

Judicial Decision No. 2004. 1065. There is no orphan’s benefit for person with reduced ability to work, if he/she is older than the age of 25 at the time of death of the rightholder.

Metropolitan Administrative and Labor Court Decision M.3325/2006/10. It is not chargeable taking the orphan’s benefit for the orphan, if he/she can verify that he/she made the notification and even so the Nyufig (Pension Payment Directorate) has not terminated the transfer.

Sources.

Commentary on Act LXXXI of 1997 on Social Security Pension Benefits, Edited by Áron Pánczél. Budapest, Wolters Kluwer (Nagykommentár a társadalombiztosítási nyugellátásról szóló 1997. évi LXXXI. törvényhez – Szerkesztette: Pánczél Áron. Budapest, Wolters Kluwer – Jogtár)

Act LXXXI of 1997 on Social Security Pension Benefits

Act LXXX of 1997 on the Eligibility for Social Security Benefits and Private Pensions and the Funding of These Services

Act CL of 2016 on General Public Administration Procedures

Government Decree 168/1997 (X.6.) Korm. on implementation of Act LXXXI of 1997 on Social Security Pension Benefits

The following article is written about the personal data management in the health care and consists of four parts. The first part of the article gives a short introduction about the personal data management in connection with the health care.

The second part describes the concepts of the health data management. It is worth to note that, this part discussing not just the basic concepts of the data management but also those special notions which emerges rather in the field of the health care data management. First of all, the basic concepts of the GDPR will be discussed. These concepts are in the tight connection with the notions of the Info Act.

The third part of my article gives a short summary about the legal base of the health care data management and their applicable principles.

The fourth part of my article describes of the legal background of the health data management which shall be applied in the health care. This part also discuss those rules of the Health Care Act in force, which are in connection with the data management.

I. About the data management of the health care in general

In today’s information society it is indispensably important the accurate, adequate and safe personal data management. The secure personal data management as also important in the health care as in the other fields of the life. The safe health data management is very important in the health care, because every single (sensitive) personal data will be recorded here. The right to life and human dignity are fundamental rights and because of their delicate nature, they are benefited increased protection. Pursuant to the Fundamental Law of Hungary (hereinafter: FLH) Article II: ,,Human dignity shall be inviolable. Everyone shall have the right to life and human dignity; the life of the fetus shall be protected from the moment of conception.” The same statement can be found in the Act CLIV of 1997 on the Health Care (hereinafter: HCA or Health Care Act). According to the HCA Sec. 10 (1) ,,The right to human dignity of the human shall be kept in respect during the health care.” The patients fundamental rights are protected by the State in this way.

The human, in this case, the patients are embodied by the personal data. The personal data as personality rights show the human as living being, in their full complexity. In the health care the submitted personal data are very sensitive. These personal data make the patients completely identifiable during the health care from the birth data through the determined diagnosis to those data which are contained by the treatment plan. These personal data belong to the patients privacy. No one can know about these personal health data except the doctor or any health expertise.

The Life Science and Pharmaceutical Law (aka. Health Law) is a mixed field of law because it includes the main fields of law, such as: the Administrative Law, the Criminal Law and the Civil Law. In addition to the public law nature of the Health Law it must be taken account its private law nature in detail, during the personal data management too, because the patients are in civil law (aka. private law) relationship with the health care provider when they are receiving the treatment. On the other hand, in legal relationship of the health care institutions (aka. health care provider) and the patients, the primary standpoint is the enforcement of the patients personality rights (e.g.: personal data). These rights are not only fundamental rights, but personality rights too. In this legal relationship, the patients will be identified through their personal data.

The health care is available in the state sphere (aka. public health care sector) or in the private health care (aka. private health care sector). The patients choose any options, but the appropriate and safe data management is the obligation of every single health care provider given by the law.

As the result of the above-mentioned facts, in the further parts of my article will summarize in essence the concept of the personal data, the sphere of the personal data or the method of their storage and management.

Source: pexel.com

II. Legal alignment

Since 25th May 2018 the regulation of the data management has become stricter because the legal framework of the Member State were replaced by the uniform Union legislation. It means that the Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC was replaced by the uniform European Union General Data Protection Regulation No. 2016/679. (hereinafter: GDPR). This decree has been entered into force since 2016 but it shall be applied since last year, 25th May in the Member States of the European Union. During the legal alignment in Hungary, the Act CXII of 2011 on the Right of Informational Self-Determination and on Freedom of Information (aka. Info Act) was adjusted to the GDPR. The Info Act. Sec. 1 sets out its purpose. Pursuant to the Info Act. Sec. 1 ,,The purpose of this Act is to lay down the fundamental rules for data processing operations within the categories it covers with a view to ensuring that the right to privacy of natural personsis respected by data controllers, and to enforcing the right to have access to and disseminate information of public interest and public information to ensure the transparency of public affairs.” The Info Act Sec 1 is aligned to the GDPR Article 1 which is proved to us by the fact that this Act is intended to protect the right to privacy of the natural person or aka. data subject. The GDPR emphasize the same standpoint, when it describes that it protect personal data of the data subject. Both laws put the protection in the foreground. It can be seen well that the personal data are the part of the privacy. At the same time the concept of personal data and the concept of privacy are synonyms. It can be perceived a small difference between both words. The Info Act determines the notion of privacy in a broader sense because the privacy does not only just exactly includes the personal data of the particular natural person such as name, residence, phone number, political and religious views, body weight, blood type, etc. but it involves also other data which refer to the private life such as the right to protection of privacy or those data which refer to the family life of the particular person. However the legislator considered these two notions synonym in terms of the data protection legislation.

The Info Act follows the provisions of GDPR regarding to the basic concepts, the principles, the lawfulness of processing, the consent to the processing or the rights and obligations of the data subject taking into account its specific characteristic in its Sec. 3-19. These general rules and conceptual definitions shall be applied during the health care data management by the particular health care provider.

Next to the GDPR and the Info Act, the data management is regulated directly by the Act XLVII of 1997 on the Management and Protection of Health and Related Personal Data (hereinafter: Health Personal Data Act, aka. HPDA) in Hungary while the other related decrees of the health care regulate indirectly the data management. The direct regulation means that the above-mentioned laws shall be applied to the data management in the health care. For instance: Fundamental Law of Hungary – FLH, Health Care Act – HCA, Health Personal Care Data Act – HPDA, Info Act and GDPR. The indirect regulation means that those laws shall be applied which are needed in a special-part field of the health care beyond the general data of the patients which are characterized to the particular field of health care. Basically the indirect regulation also intended to protect the personal data of the patients but here more special data will be given which are characterized to the professional field of the health care. The legislator also wants to protect these rights by the creation of the relevant legislation. Here is some examples from the sphere of the special data regulation: Decree of Ministry for Human Resources 5/2016 (29 Feb) on the Announcement and Order of the Related Interventions of Particular Prosthesis or Decree of Ministry for Human Resources 1/2014 (16 Jan) on the Report Order of the Infectious Diseases, etc.

It is very important that during the data management, the health personal data of the data subject, in this case, of the patients shall be respected maximally by the health care provider (e.g. clinic, hospital, private practice, center for diagnostic, etc.). Not only the related rules of data management and data subject belong here which are laid down in the GDPR and Info Act, but also those rules which are related to the rights to personality of the Act V of 2013 on the Civil Code (hereinafter: CCA). These rules can be found in its Sec. 2:42-55. Because of the sensitivity of the personal data especially the health care data, it is very important that the listed laws and decrees shall be taken account by the controller and processor.

During the health care data management, the following laws shall be applied by the health care provider:

  • Fundamental Law of Hungary (FLH);
  • European Union General Data Protection Regulation (Decree No. 2016/679 of The European Parliament and the Council);
  • Act CLIV of 1997 on the Health Care (HCA);
  • Act XLVII of 1997 on the Management and Protection of Health and Related Personal Data (HPDA);
  • Act CXII of 2011 on the Right of Informational Self-Determination and on Freedom of Information (Info Act);
  • Act V of 2013 on the Civil Code.

In the second part of my article the general definitions will be discussed.

Source: GDPR, Info Act and the above-mentioned laws and decrees.

The Sports Law is a widespread field of law, which includes the main fields of law. For instance: Civil Law, Criminal Law, Constitutional Law or Administrative Law.

The Sports Law not only consists of the traditional fields of law. It also includes the following fields of laws: Health Law, Insurance Law, International Law, International Private Law, Competition Law, Public Procurement Law, etc.

It can be seen well, that the Sports Law is a mixed specialized field of law which covers almost every fields of laws. The Sports Law is a relatively young field of law, which is for today a separate, individual professional field in the legal science.

I. Introduction; the short story of the sport as legal institution

The sport has been exist for long time, but its legal regulation was formed later. The Sports Law was formed precisely in the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century. This time has evolved the classical rights of freedom and later the political and civil rights. The citizenry was meant the same with of the notion of the nation. The right of freedom and political rights were not just behooved to the individual, but the nation too. This rights are called first-generation fundamental rights. This rights are for instance: the right to life, the right to human dignity, right to personal liberty, the right to assembly, etc.

In 19th century, the social state was established and began to take care of its citizenry. The second-generation rights were emerged. This rights are the social rights, for instance: right to employment and right to health care, etc.

The healthful services have evolved with the institutionalization of the right to health care. The sport was such an activity.

Internationally, the sporting legislation evolved in the 20th century. On 16th December 1966 the United Nations (hereinafter: UN) General Assembly adopted International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, its Article 12 states that ,,the States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.” [Princzinger, 2010.] The same aim is formulated in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child too (20th November 1989). The international basis of the Sports Law was created by the adoption of these two conventions. By the ratification of these two conventions, their contents were compulsory for the member States. The contents of these two conventions gradually implemented into the particular member States national sporting legislation regulation.

In Hungary before and after the Reform Age (1825-1848), the physical activity and the physical education were regulated by one-one draft act, but they were not made mandatory. During the Bethlen Consolidation (1921-1931) the Act LIII of 1921 on the Physical Education was adopted, which was marked the physical education as a State task. In the Socialism the sport was under State control. It can be seen well, there was not unified sport legislation.

For the first time in Hungary, unified sport legislation emerged after the regime change. The basis of the sport legislation was created by the Act XX of 1949 on the Republic of Hungarian Constitution (hereinafter: old Constitution). Its Sections 67 (1) and 70/D (1) gave entire existence to the Sports Law in the frame of the State.

The Constitution ,,Article 67 (1) In the Republic of Hungary all children have the right to receive the protection and care of their family, and of the State and society, which is necessary for their satisfactory physical, mental and moral development.”

The Constitution ,,Article 70/D. (1) Everyone living in the territory of the Republic of Hungary has the right to the highest possible level of physical and mental health.”

,,(2) The Republic of Hungary shall implement this right through institutions of labor safety and health care, through the organization of medical care and the opportunities for regular physical activity, as well as through the protection of the urban and natural environment.”

In Hungary on 1st January 2012 entered into force the Fundamental Law of Hungary. The Fundamental Law of Hungary, Article XX states the following:

,,Article XX (1) Everyone shall have the right to physical and mental health.”

,,(2) Hungary shall facilitate the enforcement of the right referred to in Paragraph (1) by ascertaining that the agricultural sector is free of all genetically modified organisms, by providing access to healthy foodstuffs and potable water, by the protection of occupational health, by health care institutions and medical care, by supporting sports and regular physical exercise, as well as by ensuring the protection of the man-made and natural environment.”

It can be seen well that the contents of the two sections are the same aside from small differences. Next to the two Constitutions, the Sports Law were regulated by two former law and nowadays this field of law is regulated by one new applicable law. The two former laws after the regime change were the Act LXIV of 1996 on the Sports Law and the Act CXLV of 2000 on the Sports Law. These laws were repealed. Today, the Sports Law is regulated by the third law which is the Act I of 2004 on the Sports Law (hereinafter: Sports Act or third Sports Act). 

So today the Sports Law is regulated by the Fundamental Law of Hungary and the third Sports Act. Next to these two laws, this field of law is regulated further more other laws and decrees.

In the last 30 years after the regime change, the three created and enacted Sports Act show well that the regulation of the Sports Law got stable basis since a unified act regulates the Sport as an equipment of the healthy life.

All in all, based on this short story of the Sport, it can be stated that for today, the Sports Law is a mixed field of law in the legal science.

Source: 2sec.com

II. The concept of the Sports Law

The Sports Law is a set of legal norms which governing sport. The Sports Law entirely regulates the physical exercise and the body-building  activity. 

According to the European Sports Charter Article II: ,,”Sport” means all forms of physical activity which, through casual or organised participation, aim at expressing or improving physical fitness and mental well-being, forming social relationships or obtaining results in competition at all levels.”

The set of rules of the Sports Law is consisted of legal norms like other fields of law. The norm is general rules of conduct which is the smallest element of the law that can bear meaning. The norm has three parts: the hypothesis (condition), the disposition (facts) and the sanction (legal consequences).

III. The legislation of the Sports Law

As previously referred, the Sports Law is a mixed field of law which is regulated by many another law. Here is a short list of the most important acts and decrees.

  • Fundamental Law of Hungary
  • Act I of 2004 on the Sports Law
  • Act V of 2013 on the Civil Law
  • Act C of 2012 on the Criminal Law
  • Act I of 2012 on the Labor Law
  • Act CLIV of 1997 on the Health Care
  • Act LXV of 1996 on the Arrangement of Property for Sport
  • Government Decree 39/2004 (12 March) on the Liability for Sport Disciplinary
  • Government Decree 43/2011 (23 March) on the anti-doping activity
  • Government Decree 41/2004 (12 March) on the Olympic Life Annuity
  • Decree of Ministry for Sport and Youth (MSY) 7/2001 (4 Oct) on the Employment of Young Worker with Compulsory Education for Sport, etc.

List of the literary sources:

  1. Princzinger Péter: Sportjog I. Budapest, ELTE Eötvös Kiadó, 2010.
  2. Sárközy Tamás: Magyar Sportjog – Az új Polgári Törvénykönyv után. Budapest, HVG ORAC Lap-és könyvkiadó Kft., 2015.
  3. Nemes András: Jogi és sportjogi ismeretek. Budapest, HVG ORAC Lap-és könyvkiadó Kft., 2011.
  4. European Sports Charter Article II
pexels.com

Yesterday not an everyday event happened with my former primary school class mate, Roland D. Rosta. He was appointed and elected as a leader of the Boxing Division of MAFC (Hungarian Athletics and Football Club, hereinafter: MAFC) Sports Club by the decision of the presidency of the sports club. All of my congratulations to this great performance. I have known Roland since 2003. He was a great and condign athlete, who did the boxing competitively well in the past few years.

He started to deal with this sport during his primary school years. During his active athlete’s years, he decided that he establish an own sports club, whose name is Rosta Boxing Team. He began to teach the youths for boxing. He developed continuously his club as a well-known small and homely community. Nowadays his sports club is expanded greatly. The club has got lots of box athlete and his enterprise is working very well. His club’s development and his persistent work gave him the opportunity to become a well-known and noted trainer.

Now this reputation has brought its result. The MAFC Sports Club contacted him and also appointed him to the leader position of the boxing division of the club. The presidency of the MAFC made the decision yesterday and the elected Dr. Roland D. Rosta as a Head of Boxing Division of the MAFC. It is good to know that, the MAFC Sports Club Boxing Division was for a while out of services, so the athletes had not got opportunity to choose this brilliant sport at this sports club. Now here is the opportunity to take a chance and choose this marvelous and hard sport.

I think and I believe that Roland will able to conduct this division and develop it to the highest level among the other well-known boxing divisions. He will also able to teach the hopes of the future box athletes to the craft of the boxing. First of all, I want to wish good luck to Roland and once again all of my congratulations to his successful election.

Budapest, on 19th July 2019.

Best regards,

Zoltán Ferenc Samkó J.D.
Health and Sports Lawyer

FENCING


Today the FIE World Championships BUDAPEST 2019 started. This event also a qualifying occurrence for the next year’s TOKYO 2020 Olympic Games. The Fencing World Championships lasts at Budapest, Hungary in BOK Sports Hall (aka SYMA Sports and Conference Centre) from 15th to 23rd July.

According to the information of the2019budapest.com, the Hall ‘A’ will serve as the home and main building, hosting the FIE World Fencing Championships.

The event will be spectacular and provides a diverse program for visitors. The Hungarian team is represented at the event. We can cheer for the big ones like Áron Szilágyi, András Szatmári, András Rédli, Gergely Siklósi or Liza Pusztai, Anna Márton, Luca László and etc. The tickets are already available to the event.

The whole event can be followed on the internet on the above-mentioned link or M4 Sport TV channel too.

The whole schedule of the event is available down below of the page.

The schedule of the event:

Do not miss the FIE event, it is worth to follow it!

Best regards,

Zoltán Ferenc Samkó J.D.
Health and Sports Lawyer


The source of the picture are the webpages of the Hungarian Fencing Association and the FIE.