In this heading I publish those articles and studies which are not belonged to any legal topics, but they are also very interesting. These articles and studies comprise the variety of topics about for instance: the latest movies, health and pharmaceutical issues, sports events and interviews with famous athletes and interviews about the highlighted sports events or introducing new books.
Besides the above-mentioned topics this heading contains any other news about the relevant modification of laws and decrees and those laws and decrees which were came into force recently or will come into force in the near future.

✻ Life Science and Pharmaceuticals Science ✻

On Wednesday, November 18, 2020 at 06:59 Pfizer published its website a short summary about a common study with BioNTech on Phase 3 Study of COVID-19 Vaccine Candidate. According to published article of Pfizer on its website, primary efficacy analysis demonstrates 95% effectiveness against COVID-19.

Pursuant to the release, efficacy was consistent and stable across age, gender race and ethnicity demographics; the observed efficacy of vaccine candidate in adults over 65 years of age was over 94%. Safety data milestone required by U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has been achieved which is necessary for Emergency Use Authorization (EUA).

Pursuant to the release, data demonstrate that the vaccine was well tolerated across all populations with over 43.000 participants enrolled. Pfizer did not observe serious safety concerns and the scrutiny indicated adverse events (side effects) in frequency of fatigue (at the level 3.8%) and headache (at the level 2.0%). Pfizer and BioNTech expect to produce the vaccine against COVID-19 globally 50 million vaccine doses in 2020 and up to 1.3 billion doses by the end of 2021. The two company also confident that the vaccine will be distributed around the world easily.

During the trial they observed 10 severe cases of COVID-19. They also performed data analysis in the trial. In addition to this the scrutiny has progressed well, it was determined that the vaccine is capable to put an end to this devastating pandemic. Therefore Pfizer and BioNTech would like to submit a request within few days to the FDA for an EUA based on the totality of safety and efficiency data collected to date.

The experts of Pfizer and BioNTech expressed their hope that these vaccines will give solution quickly and efficiently to overcome this devastating pandemic period. According to the forecasts, the vaccines will be issued urgently in the next year by the summer to the world.

If you would like to read more about this topic, please visit the website of the Pfizer.

Source of this article
Press release of Pfizer
Source of the pictures:;

On 30 March 2020, the extraordinary judicial break which begun on 15 March 2020 was terminated by the Hungarian Government in its Government Decree No. 74/2020 (31 March) on the Particular Prevailing Procedural Measures during the Pandemic Period (hereinafter: Government Decree No. 74/2020 (31 March) or Government Decree). The Government Decree No. 74/2020 (31 March) entered into force on its effective day at 3 o’clock p.m. This Government Decree will remain in effect during the pandemic period and until the State of Emergency is ended. The pandemic measures also shall be followed after the termination of the extraordinary judicial break.

Regarding to the procedural acts, the provisions contained by the Government Decree must be followed. The entry to the court building shall be forbidden for the client unless  the requirements which are contained by the OBHE Resolution No. 47.SZ/2020 (1 April) (hereinafter: VOH) on the Order of Use of the Court Buildings point 4. prescribes it during the time of the procedural act. [OBHE Resolution No. 49.SZ/2020 (3 April) on the Regulation of the Order of Stay in the Court Buildings during Pandemic Period]

The Government Decree contains lots of procedural measures. These article contains most important measures regarding to the civil litigious and non litigious procedures only, while the measures in connection with the administrative and criminal procedures will be discussed in an another article.

Prevailing particular procedural measures during the period of State of Emergency

Measures in connection with the civil litigious and non litigious procedures

During the period of the State of Emergency the provisions of the Act III of 1952 on the  Code of Civil Procedure (hereinafter: former CCP) and the Act CXXX of 2016 on the Code of Civil Procedure (hereinafter: CCP) shall be applied with the discrepancy contained in the Government Decree.

The continuation of the time limit is not affected by the State of Emergency, except the Government Decree dispose differently.

In the civil procedures under the effect of the CCP, the case initiation shall be conducted instead of the case initiation hearing. If it necessary the court may summons the parties for submitting further written statements or calls on the lawyer and parties if their personal hearing is necessary. In connection with the above-mentioned facts, the court perform its activity in the manner contained by subsection 7 to terminate the case.

The above-mentioned provisions under this section must be applied to the actions of personal status.

In the civil procedures under the effect of the former CCP, the substantial hearing shall be conducted by means of electronically network or any other devices which are able to transfer picture, video and voice. If the conditions of this is not being ensured, instead of the conduct of the substantial hearing, the statement recorded at the hearing can be obtained by the court in written form or by means of device which can identify the personality and in the case of necessity it can be recorded. [Government Decree Sec. 21 (3)]

The court does not conduct case initiation hearing at the request of the parties. Before the termination of the case initiation hearing the court will inform the parties in advance and provides the opportunity to make their further written statements. The termination of the case initial hearing will be communicated to the parties in written form by the court. [Government Decree Sec. 21 (2)]

In the case of the necessity of the personal hearing, the statements shall be obtained in written form or by the means of devices which are able to identify personality and in the case of necessity it can be recorded. [Government Decree Sec. 21 (7)]

In litigation, there is an unlimited number of stay of proceedings at the request of the parties.

During the State of Emergency – with exceptions contained by the subsection 3 – there shall be no place for the procedural act to be conducted in a place which is subject to an epidemiological measure.

During the State of Emergency the party acts without counsel may submits the application, counterclaim, extension of the action or the offsetting without written standard form based on the particular law. [Government Decree Sec. 24]

If the application submitted by the party acting without counsel does not contains the compulsory content elements or the formal accessories, the court in its deficiency court ruling must indicates all of the deficiencies of the application and the court must communicates all of information in connection with the deficiencies replacement of the application. In case of the unsuccessful replacement there is a place for rejection.

During the State of Emergency the submissions can not be filed personally to the court administration office. The submissions can be placed in the locked collecting box at the entrance door of the court.

During the State of Emergency if there is a place for service by public notification in the civil proceeding, the procedure is interrupted until the termination of the reason of service by public notification or the termination of the State of Emergency.

The judgment will be delivered out of court hearing by the court. [Government Decree Sec. 28 (2)]

In the appealing and review proceedings a hearing can not be requested by the parties. [Government Decree Sec. 29 (1)]

If the time limit expires in the civil litigious and non litigious proceedings and in the period up to 15 days after the entry into force of Government Decree No. 45/2020 (14 March) and this Government Decree, the time limit shall be extended to 30 days after the entry into force of this Government Decree.

This Government Decree shall be applied in pending cases and non litigious proceedings.

Shortly summarize the aforementioned facts, the courts are operating continuously but the personal appearance is replaced by the literacy. It can be said that the litigation division is operating similarly as the non litigation division. These epidemiological measures are necessary because of the current pandemic situation in order to slow down the spread of the virus as effectively as possible and thus protect each other’s health. Therefore it is very important to follow the provisions of this Government Decree.

About the programme in short

The 83rd AIPS Congress will be held on 3rd to 7th February 2020 in Budapest at the Hotel Corinthia. Hungary got the fourth opportunity to organize this prominent event. Before this ceremony, Hungary has organized three times the AIPS Annual Congress. The first time was in 1965, the second time was in 1992 and the third time was in 1999. Budapest was in great contest with two more competitor, Rome and Madrid.

The Hungarian Sports Journalists’ Association (MSÚSZ) took big efforts in the previous half a year to organize the AIPS event in Budapest for the fourth time told Dr. Zsuzsa Csisztu vice-president of MSÚSZ. Monday is the opening day. The Congress offer diverse and rich professional programmes approximately to 300 sports journalist of the world.

Yesterday was the first event day. On Monday evening, the AIPS Media Award was awarded to the winners for the second times and in 11 category will be awarded the competitors. One of the most noted guest was Gianni Infantino, the president of the FIFA (Federal Internationale de Football Association or International Federation of Association Football) who took part on a podium speech before the great ceremony.

The two host were Jonathan Edwards, British former olympic winner athlete and dr. Zsuzsa Csisztu, vice-president of MSÚSZ. The following represented Hungary at the event: Krisztián Kulcsár, the president of Hungarian Olympic Committee (MOB), Tünde Szabó State Secretary for Sport, Ministry of Human Capacities (EMMI), Sándor Csányi, the president of the Hungarian Football Association (MLSZ), László Szabó, the president of the Hungarian Paralympic Committee (MPB), Dániel Gyurta, former olympic winner, member of International Olympic Committee (IOC) and MOB, Zoltán Novotny, sports journalists, dr. Zsuzsa Csisztu with György Szöllősi, the president of MSÚSZ and more other notable persons.

On the further days of the event will be also home to the panel discussion of the role of the women in the sport and the sport media. Donna de Varona famous swimmer and Tímea Babos Grand Slam team winner in pair, famous tennis player.

If you would like you read more information about this ocassion, please visit the website of MSÚSZ at

The pictures and whole gallery were published by Hungarian Sports Journalists’ Association (MSÚSZ) and the sources of the all pictures is also MSÚSZ.

Source of the pictures is Hungarian Sports Journalists’ Association (MSÚSZ).

The general rules of the payment notification

The present article introduces some information about the general rules of the payment notification and its enforcement during the enforcement procedures. The article is divided in two parts. The first part of the article deals with the general rules of the payment notification and the second part of the article describes those rules which are related to the enforcement of the payment notification during the enforcement proceedings.

This legal institution often emerges in the field of Labor and Employment Law. The employer usually uses the payment notification when he/she would like to enforce his/her claim relating to the employment relationship quickly, easily and efficiently against his/her employee. The article also describes those laws and decrees which create the core of the regulation of the payment notification.

Many times the parties can not be able to resolve their problems peacefully therefore it has to be need for this legal institution which gives a final solution to them. The enforcement proceedings helps the enforcement of the legitimate claim. Sometimes this legal institution can not be able to solve the problems of the parties, in this time the civil litigation will takes place. The article only discuss the rules of the payment notification and it does not deals with the possibility of the civil procedure.

If you want to know more about this legal institution and you are interested in this article, please visit to the website of HVG-ORAC or buy the relevant issue of the Jogtudományi Közlöny. Yo can find more about the article if you click on the link.

Zoltán F. Samkó J.D.
Health and Sports Lawyer

Zoltán Ferenc Samkó: Enforcement of the Payment Notification during the Enforcement proceedings – The general rules of the payment notification

New Year, new tasks, new articles…

I would like to wish Happy New Year to all of my Visitors. I wish that the new year will bring us success, luck, prosperity and health. I also wish that everything will come true for everyone. Please stay with the SAMKÓ LEGAL in the year of 2020 too.


All the best and cheers!

Zoltán Ferenc Samkó J.D.
Health and Sports Lawyer


It is my pleasure and I am very honored that I was invited to the Fair Play Award Gala which was held on 21th November 2019, Thursday in the Danube Arena at Budapest. The Hungarian Olympics Committee – Fair Play Committee has celebrated its 52th anniversary since its establishment. The Committee is engaged for the fair play in the sport and besides of this in the other field of the life. The first fair play awards were given in 1967 by the National Association of  Hungarian Journalists (MÚOSZ) and the Fair Play Committee established by the National Sports Office.

The aim of the Fair Play Committee is still the same, preserve the tradition of the spirit of the fair play. Therefore the Committee every year organize the Fair Play Award Gala where it rewards those chosen athletes who are worthy for the fair play award. This award ceremony was co-organized with the SPORTJUS Hungarian Association of Sports Lawyers of Hungary. It was the first time that the SPORTJUS got involved the organization of this event.

The ceremony begun with the opening speeches. Firstly Dr. Jenő Kamuti, the president of the Fair Play Committee, after that Krisztián Kulcsár, the president of the Hungarian Olympics Committee, and finally Dr. Zsigmond Nagy, the president of the SPORTJUS Hungarian Association os Sports Lawyers of Hungary kept his speech. All of them referred in their speeches the importance of the fair play. Besides of the aforementioned fact, the purity of the sport and the honesty towards to each other were highlighted in all three speech. 

I would especially refer to our president, Dr. Zsigmond Nagy speech. As our president Dr. Zsigmond Nagy cited our associations posy, ,,the sport is a fundamental human right.” Of course we are operating according to this basic principle which is marked in the Olympics Charta in its chapter of Fundamental Principles of Olympism. The original text is the following: ,,The practice of sport is a human right.” We respect the sport activity and we appreciate the others striving to live their life honestly and fairly as they also do in the sport. Dr. Zsigmond Nagy noted he hoped that this relationship between our organization and the Hungarian Olympics Committee would continue to exist in the near future.

The winners of the Fair Play Award:

The Hungarian Olympics Committee Fair Play Committee gave awards to the winners in six categories.

1. Fair Play act:

trophy: Szántói Szabó Tamás (kayak-canoe)

diploma: Sipos Árpád (teqball)

2. In the service of the sport:

trophy: Köpf Károly (sports leader)

diploma: Győr Béla (traditionalist)

3. The popularization of the Fair Play:

trophy: Füredi Marianne (journalist), Szalay Péter (journalist)

diploma: FTC ice hockey division U8-U10 age group

4. Leisure sport:

trophy: Hungarian Flying Disc Federation

5. Oeuvre:

trophy: Sziklenka László (kayak-canoe), Csányi Rajmund (gymnastics), Bérczes Edit (ultra running), Göröcs János (football)

diploma: Pajor István (ski)

6. Art/Science:

trophy: Juhász Árpád (television, traveling)

I also congratulate the winners!

Budapest, 23rd November 2019

Zoltán Ferenc Samkó, J.D.
Health and Sports Lawyer


On Friday 15th November 2019 will be held the public hearing of Sun Yang at the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) in Lausanne, Switzerland. As it is known for everyone, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) filed its appeal against the Chinese swimmer Sun Yang and the Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA).

According to the appeal Sun Yang was participated in the out of competition test where he and his security guard smashed the sealed vial containing the swimmer blood sample with a hammer. The FINA has exempted Sun Yang in its resolution, therefore the WADA filed its appeal against the FINA resolution.

The CAS has approved the request of the parties about holding a public hearing in this case. There is a second time in the history of the CAS a public hearing will be held in Lausanne, Switzerland. The CAS has exclusive jurisdiction in this case to judge the appeal. The public hearing will takes place in the hearing room, where the representatives of the media can represent themselves.

The whole public hearing about this case can also be followed on the CAS’s official website. Here is some information about the registration for the public  viewing area.

You should scroll down below of the article. The source of the bulletin is the official website of  CAS. The bulletin can be available in English.

Budapest, 5th November 2019

Zoltán Ferenc Samkó, J.D.
Health and Sports Lawyer

The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS or Tribunal Arbitral du Sport) has announced that the hearing of Sun Yang will be held in public on 15 November 2019. The hearing will takes place at the Conference Centre of the Fairmont Le Montreux Palace in Montreux/Switzerland.

As it is well-known Sun Yang violated the doping rule of WADA. Therefore WADA filed a lawsuit against him and FINA. The hearing can be followed via live stream on the website of the CAS.

If you are interested in details, please read the attached documents about the hearing or visit CAS website.

Budapest, 16 October 2019

Zoltán F. Samkó J.D.
Sports Lawyer


Yesterday not an everyday event happened with my former primary school class mate, Roland D. Rosta. He was appointed and elected as a leader of the Boxing Division of MAFC (Hungarian Athletics and Football Club, hereinafter: MAFC) Sports Club by the decision of the presidency of the sports club. All of my congratulations to this great performance. I have known Roland since 2003. He was a great and condign athlete, who did the boxing competitively well in the past few years.

He started to deal with this sport during his primary school years. During his active athlete’s years, he decided that he establish an own sports club, whose name is Rosta Boxing Team. He began to teach the youths for boxing. He developed continuously his club as a well-known small and homely community. Nowadays his sports club is expanded greatly. The club has got lots of box athlete and his enterprise is working very well. His club’s development and his persistent work gave him the opportunity to become a well-known and noted trainer.

Now this reputation has brought its result. The MAFC Sports Club contacted him and also appointed him to the leader position of the boxing division of the club. The presidency of the MAFC made the decision yesterday and the elected Dr. Roland D. Rosta as a Head of Boxing Division of the MAFC. It is good to know that, the MAFC Sports Club Boxing Division was for a while out of services, so the athletes had not got opportunity to choose this brilliant sport at this sports club. Now here is the opportunity to take a chance and choose this marvelous and hard sport.

I think and I believe that Roland will able to conduct this division and develop it to the highest level among the other well-known boxing divisions. He will also able to teach the hopes of the future box athletes to the craft of the boxing. First of all, I want to wish good luck to Roland and once again all of my congratulations to his successful election.

Budapest, on 19th July 2019.

Best regards,

Zoltán Ferenc Samkó J.D.
Health and Sports Lawyer


Today the FIE World Championships BUDAPEST 2019 started. This event also a qualifying occurrence for the next year’s TOKYO 2020 Olympic Games. The Fencing World Championships lasts at Budapest, Hungary in BOK Sports Hall (aka SYMA Sports and Conference Centre) from 15th to 23rd July.

According to the information of, the Hall ‘A’ will serve as the home and main building, hosting the FIE World Fencing Championships.

The event will be spectacular and provides a diverse program for visitors. The Hungarian team is represented at the event. We can cheer for the big ones like Áron Szilágyi, András Szatmári, András Rédli, Gergely Siklósi or Liza Pusztai, Anna Márton, Luca László and etc. The tickets are already available to the event.

The whole event can be followed on the internet on the above-mentioned link or M4 Sport TV channel too.

The whole schedule of the event is available down below of the page.

The schedule of the event:

Do not miss the FIE event, it is worth to follow it!

Best regards,

Zoltán Ferenc Samkó J.D.
Health and Sports Lawyer

The source of the picture are the webpages of the Hungarian Fencing Association and the FIE.